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Lactoferrin peptide increases the survival of Candida albicans-

Lactoferrin peptide increases the survival of Candida albicans-inoculated mice by upregulating neutrophil and macrophage functions, especially in combination with amphotericin B and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor.

Tanida T, Rao F, Hamada T, Ueta E, Osaki T.

"To develop a new strategy to control candidiasis, we examined in vivo the anticandidal effects of a synthetic lactoferrin peptide, FKCRRWQWRM (peptide 2) and the peptide that mimics it, FKARRWQWRM (peptide 2'). Although all mice that underwent intraperitoneal injection of 5 x 10(8) Candida cells with or without peptide 2' died within 8 or 7 days, respectively, the survival times of mice treated with 5 to 100 microg of intravenous peptide 2 per day for 5 days after the candidal inoculation were prolonged between 8.4 +/- 2.9 and 22.4 +/- 3.6 days, depending on the dose of peptide 2. The prolongation of survival by peptide 2 was also observed in mice that were infected with 1.0 x 10(9) Candida albicans cells (3.2 +/- 1.3 days in control mice versus 8.2 +/- 2.4 days in the mice injected with 10 microg of peptide 2 per day). In the high-dose inoculation, a combination of peptide 2 (10 microg/day) with amphotericin B (0.1 microg/day) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) (0.1 microg/day) brought prolonged survival. With a combination of these agents, 60% of the mice were alive for more than 22 days. Correspondingly, peptide 2 activated phagocytes inducing inducible NO synthase and the expression of p47(phox) and p67(phox), and peptide 2 increased phagocyte Candida-killing activities up to 1.5-fold of the control levels upregulating the generation of superoxide, lactoferrin, and defensin from neutrophils and macrophages. These findings indicated that the anticandidal effects of peptide 2 depend not only on the direct Candida cell growth-inhibitory activity, but also on the phagocytes' upregulatory activity, and that combinations of peptide 2 with GM-CSF and antifungal drugs will help in the development of new strategies for control of candidiasis."

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Keywords: Lactoferrin peptide increases survival Candida albicans inoculated mice upregulating neutrophil macrophage functions amphotericin B granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor drjefftop advanced

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