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Candida Identified and Named

Hippocrates first described oral aphtha (thrush) in debilitated patients. Rosen von Rosenstein, in 1771, and Underwood, in 1784, in textbooks on pediatrics, recognized thrush as a condition of the newborn and infants. In 1835, Veron postulated that newborns acquired the disease during passage through the vagina. Langerbeck was the first, in 1839, to discover the organism when he observed a fungus in scrapings from a case of oral thrush in a patient with typhus, although he mistook the yeast as being the cause of typhus. However, a few years later, Bennett (1844) conclusively demonstrated the fungal etiology of thrush.

Zopf (1890) named the fungus Monilia albicans, from which Moniliasis, the early name for candidosis (candidiasis) originated. However, in 1923, Berkhout showed that the Monilia species isolated from rotting fruit or leaves differed both morphologically and physiologically from those associated with thrush and established the genus Candida, which was accepted as a nomen conservatum by the Eighth Botanical Congress in 1954.

Textbook of Pediatric Dermatology

By John Harper, Arnold P. Oranje, Neil S. Prose

Keywords: history of candida

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